Wednesday, January 4, 2017

[XAM chairman buys few more; MNT sets new historic low; Mongolian forests found old; and Tsagaan Sar set for Feb 27

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Wednesday, January 4, 2017

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Jump to: Int'l Market - Local Market - Economy - Politics & Legal - Business - Ulaanbaatar - Diplomacy - Health & Education - Culture & Society - Nature & Environment - Sports - Art & Entertainment - Travel

Headlines in Italic are ones modified by Cover Mongolia from original



Int'l Market

·         Xanadu Chairman Buys 30,000 More Shares on Tuesday

Local Market

·         MSE Trading Report, Jan 3: Top 20 -0.95%, ALL -0.62%, Turnover ₮56 Million Shares


·         MNT sets new historic low vs USD

·         BoM sells US$19m at ₮2,492.5, CNY9m at ₮357.5

Politics & Legal

·         Parliament begins deliberating bill on 2017 presidential election

·         Two candidates nominated for Supreme Court seats

·         Draft resolution submitted on improving working conditions of artisanal miners

·         Mongolia likely to re-establish Internal Troops

·         State officials will now submit income and asset declarations online

·         Elderly allowance to be granted twice a year from 2017


·         ₮20 billion was invested in mining sector in 2016 says ministry

·         Emeelt Industrial Park plans to use recycled water

·         Livestock vaccination underway in 22 quarantined soums


·         To curb air pollution, nighttime electricity fares in ger areas zeroed

·         Each person inhales 317.8 kgs of toxic substance a year in Ulaanbaatar

·         Mongolia cabinet approves ₮5 billion for curbing air pollution in 2017

·         Ulaanbaatar traffic jams cost ₮50 billion in wasted fuel

·         UB City Names 2017 as Year of Participatory Legal Renovation


·         Mongolians Hope for His Holiness the Dalai Lama's Visit

·         UC Berkeley lecturer Ts.Uranchimeg appointed Cultural Envoy of Mongolia

·         Study on Mongolia's foreign policy decision-making concluded

Health & Education

·         121 New Year babies welcomed

·         First woman Golden Donor donated blood 154 times in 20 years

Culture & Society

·         Mongolia to celebrate lunar new year on February 27

·         Choijin Lama Temple Museum publishes book about its history

·         Charlotte Talks: Genghis Khan Exhibit Creator 'Dino Don' Lessem

Nature & Environment

·         National census finds Mongolian forests vulnerable and old-aged

·         Mongolian stallion featured among Telegraph's Animal Photos of 2016


·         National record set in women's 48kg weightlifting

·         East Brainerd Native To Participate In Mongolia Charity Rally

·         Fly Fishing: The Mongolian Pathway to Healthy Rivers

Art & Entertainment

·         E.Amartuvshin to play Rigoletto at Naples' Teatro San Carlo

·         UB Art Gallery welcomes 2017 with the best of 2016

·         10 Directors to Watch: Otto Bell Braves Mongolian Extremes to Make 'The Eagle Huntress'

·         Beauty contests spread as Russia, China, Mongolia hold 'Snow Queen' 2016 contest in China


·         State Commission Inspecting New Ulaanbaatar International Airport



Int'l Market

XAM closed –9.52% Tuesday to A$0.19

Xanadu Chairman Buys 30,000 More Shares on Tuesday

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Local Market

MSE Trading Report, Jan 3: Top 20 -0.95%, ALL -0.62%, Turnover 56 Million Shares

January 3 (MSE) --

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Reds are when MNT fell, greens when it rose. Bold reds are rates that set a new historic high at the time.

BoM MNT Rates: Tuesday, January 3 Close










































































































































































Bank USD rates at time of sending: Khan (Buy ₮2,487 Sell ₮2,494), TDB (Buy ₮2,4856Sell ₮2,494), Golomt (Buy ₮2,486 Sell ₮2,494), XacBank (Buy ₮2,488 Sell ₮2,496), State Bank (Buy ₮2,487 Sell ₮2,494)

USD (blue), CNY (red) vs MNT in last 1 year:

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BoM sells US$19m at 2,492.5, CNY9m at 357.5 with $39m, CNY82.2m bids, declines $1m MNT, $69.8m USD swap offers

January 3 (Bank of Mongolia) Spot trade: Commercial banks bid weighted average rate of MNT 2491.45 for USD 39.0 million and weighted average rate of MNT 354.81 for CNY82.2 million respectively. The BoM accepted bid offers of USD 19.0 million with a single rate of MNT 2492.50 and bid offers of CNY 9.0 million with a single rate of MNT 357.50.

Swap and forward trade: The BoM received bid offers of USD1.0 million of MNT swap agreements, selling bid offers of USD69.8 million of USD swap agreements from commercial banks and the BoM did not accept the offers.

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Politics & Legal

Parliament begins deliberating bill on 2017 presidential election

Ulaanbaatar, January 3 (MONTSAME) Parliament has started a discussion of a bill on Presidential Election, initiated by MPs N.Enkhbold, B.Batzorig, Z.Narantuya, N.Oyundari and D.Khayankhyarvaa. The bill is scheduled to be discussed during today's meeting of the Standing committee on State Structure. The draft law was submitted to the Parliament on December 27 and brought under discussion of the Mongolian People's Party group in Parliament yesterday.

The previous parliament approved Law on Elections, which regulated all elections including Parliamentary, Presidential and Citizen's Representative Meetings of provinces, soums and districts. However General Elections Commission put a request to organize elections under separate independent laws, as it was difficult to organize the previous parliamentary elections, adhering one combined law.

The Commission proposed to follow main contents, criteria and regulations of the 2013 Presidential Election law and to change organizational matters. As Presidential Election is to be organized this year, the bill on Presidential Elections was submitted and being discussed first of all.

MP N.Enkhbold noted that the Parliament intends to approve the bill within the mid-January and announce the Presidential Election date.

"- No principal changes will be made in election system, but changes related to procedure should be made to organize and run elections properly and orderly. The bill includes a clause that restricts to amend the elections law less than 150 days prior to the elections date. There will be no contradiction, in case the bill is approved within January, considering that the Presidential Election will be held late June" said MP N.Enkhbold.

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Two candidates nominated for Supreme Court seats

Ulaanbaatar, January 2 (MONTSAME) G.Banzragch and B.Munkhtuya were nominated for seats on the Supreme Court during the Legal Standing Committee of Parliament's meeting on December 28.

The Chairman of the Judicial General Council, N.Lundendorj, stated that both nominees are fully qualified to be Supreme Court judges. The Legal Standing Committee continued the meeting with a discussion of a draft resolution on general guidelines for the development of the legal system until 2020.

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Draft resolution submitted on improving working conditions of artisanal miners

Ulaanbaatar, January 3 (MONTSAME) Member of Parliament T.Ayursaikhan has presented a draft parliamentary resolution, which lays out measures regarding the workers engaged in artisanal mining to the Chairman of the State Great Khural (Parliament) M.Enkhbold.

Year by year, a greater number of people are involved in small-scale mining activities in order to win their own and their family's bread as the unemployment rate continues to climb.

Although the Subprogram on Development of Artisanal Mining until 2015 was adopted in 2008 in accordance with the Resolution No 71, the implementing period has been over with no tangible results, noted T. Ayursaikhan MP.

The draft was prepared with several purposes including, building plans of specialized programs in favor of workers in artisanal mining into the national policy documents directed at reducing poverty and unemployment and improving household incomes, creating more jobs that are suitable for the local business environment, establishing systematic vocational training programs, promoting small enterprises in the centralized industrial areas and of providing job opportunities to the artisanal miners in areas with unfavorable geological and labor safety conditions.

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Mongolia likely to re-establish Internal Troops

January 3 ( The Mongolian Cabinet has backed the Law on Internal Troops which was presented by the Ministry of Justice and Domestic Affairs on 22nd of December. If the law will now go to the State Great Khural (Parliament); if approved the Internal Troops will be re-established.

The Law on Internal Troops, adopted in 1995, was repealed in 2013 after the State Great Khural approved the Law of Police. Subsequently, the units of Internal Troops were phased out and their functions were transferred to the police and border troops on 1st of April, 2014. Internal Troops have the right to carry firearms. However, a concern is that for young graduates with little or no experience in firearms who have been called up for military service, carrying guns could be potentially dangerous.

The special functions of the Internal Troops include the protection of state and public property, of particular importance - dealing with public chaos, including protecting of people and state property in times of civil disorder, conducting special operations against terror attacks, and enforcing quarantines during natural calamities, disasters, wildfires and outbreaks of epidemic diseases effecting humans and animals.

The Internal Troops were originally formed in 1922, with over ten divisions, by order of the Mongolian General Military Commission under name of 'Special Squad'.

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State officials will now submit income and asset declarations online

Ulaanbaatar, January 3 (MONTSAME) Officials are enabled to submit income declaration and personal interest declaration through solely online, as Parliamentary Legal Standing committee today approved a resolution on making amendments to the Legal standing committee's resolution N5 on April 25, 2012.

Legal environment to register the declarations online was already created, however conditions to realize it, including e-signature has been insufficient. Therefore, officials used to present their declarations in printed form with their signatures to relevant organizations after submitting them and getting confirmation online. There are 161831 declarations registered on e-system in 2013-2016 and it is estimated that MNT 90.9 million was spent on printing them.

Submission of the declarations online will save time and budget expenditures as well as it allows officials to submit declarations from wherever they are.

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Elderly allowance to be granted twice a year from 2017

Ulaanbaatar, January 3 (MONTSAME) In compliance with the newly adopted Law on Social Protection for Elderly which came into effect on January 1, elder people will receive 'Longevity grant' twice a year.

In specific, elders aged above 65 are legally entitled to benefit from the grant on national holidays, Lunar New Year, which falls at the end of winter and Naadam Festival, which takes place in July.

At present, there are 121 thousand elders who fall into the age category. The Law facilitates that elders of age range 65-69 will receive MNT 50 thousand, 70-79 will receive MNT 80 thousand, 80-89 will receive MNT 150 thousand and those aged above 90 will receive MNT 250 thousand.

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20 billion was invested in mining sector in 2016 says ministry

January 3 ( More than 20 mining deposits were put into operation, 800 jobs were created and MNT 20 billion was invested in Mongolian mining sector in 2016, the Ministry of Mining and Heavy Industry reports. 

According to the state budget performance in 2016, 19 tons of gold, 33 million tons of coal, 7.5 million tons of iron ore, 1.1 million tons of oil and 200 thousand tons of fluorite are expected to be exported. 

The Ministry of Mining and Heavy Industry added that 1.4 million tons of copper concentrate, 4700 tons of molybdenum concentrate and 100 thousand tons of zinc concentrate will be produced and exported. 

Ultimately, mining sector accounts for 85 percent of Mongolian exports, 63 percent of industrial products, 18 percent of GDP and one-fourth of national revenue.

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Emeelt Industrial Park plans to use recycled water

Ulaanbaatar, January 3 (MONTSAME) Emeelt Light industry and Technology Park plans to use recycled water. Under the planned area of the park, there is a channel system for engineering network and a new line for recycled water is planned to be installed there. Blueprint for the new line for recycled water is being developed by 'Elsta' company.

Though Mongolia has recycled water standard, standard of its usage is not yet defined. Therefore, the Emeelt Park requested the Agency for Standardization and Metrology to develop standard for the usage of recycled water. The Emeelt Light Industry and Technology Park was established in September 2014.

The Municipal Government of Ulaanbaatar city is planning to build Emeelt Light industry, and Technology Park in the southeast of the city and move all leather processing tanneries to outside of the city center with a view to reduce their discharge of untreated effluents either to the Central Sewage Treatment Plant or directly into the Tuul River.

The park is planned to have a capacity of end production of 10 million hides and skins. The Park will feature power plant, water treatment plant, leather and wool processing industrial complex, housing zone, warehousing facilities and access to new railway.

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Livestock vaccination underway in 22 quarantined soums

Ulaanbaatar, January 3 (MONTSAME) A campaign to vaccinate livestock animals in 22 soums of 7 provinces with a total of 2.5 million doses of vaccine against livestock diseases are currently ongoing. The campaign covered provinces that are considered high-risk areas; Arkhangai, Bulgan, Tuv, Dundgobi, Khentii, Selenge and Darkhan-Uul. 

During the 20th intergovernmental commission of Mongolia and Russia, the two sides agreed to implement the second stage of a joint program "Improving the Health of Mongolian Livestock" and grant Mongolia with 20 million doses of livestock vaccine from the Federal Center for Animal Health of Russia under a soft-loan.

The campaign was launched after Mongolia received 5 million doses of vaccine from Russia on December 25, as part of the agreement. The remaining 15 million doses of vaccine will be collected on January 15 and the nationwide livestock vaccination campaign is expected to start on March 1.

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To curb air pollution, nighttime electricity fares in ger areas zeroed

Ulaanbaatar, January 3 (MONTSAME) The Energy Regulatory Committee has estimated that the households in Ger district areas in Ulaanbaatar city are going to enjoy more than MNT 4.8 billion of discount on electricity tariffs.

The nighttime tariff of electricity, specifically between 9 pm and 6 am, has been zeroed for households in Ger (national dwelling) districts starting from January 1. This adjustment measure, aimed to reduce air pollution, will last until the end of April 1.

The ceilings of electricity usage have been designated to be 700 KWT for 220 V users, and 1500 KWT for 380 V users.

Due to high risks caused by increased power consumption within the off-peak electricity discount, the Ulaanbaatar Electricity Distribution Network JSC has been assigned to carry out prevention measures of potential accidents.

Pursuant to the Regulation on Granting Electricity Discount to Ger District Households of Ulaanbaatar, the households must have electrical meters in order to observe the nighttime tariff discount. As of today, most of the households do not have such meters, thus, are unable to shift to the nighttime tariff regime.

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Each person inhales 317.8 kgs of toxic substance a year in Ulaanbaatar

January 2 ( Located, some 700 metres above sea-level and surrounded by four high mountains, the Mongolian capital Ulaanbaatar is a top summer tourist destination - but in winter is one the world's most polluted cities. According to researches, each person in the city inhales 317.8 kg of toxic substances annually.

Coal burning by the households of the "ger districts", mostly located on the north side of the city, contributes to the severity of air pollution in wintertime. This is hardly noticeable in the summer months. Annually, 198 thousand households in the ger districts produce 70-80 percent of all harmful emissions in the city. Because the districts are not connected to the municipal heating grid, there is no choice other than to burn coal - and since, many residents live below the poverty line, there is no choice other than buy the cheapest coal available. Power stations and households, together, burn nearly 5.9 million tonnes of coal, 237195.8 cubic metres of wood and produce 260 thousand kg toxic substance in Ulaanbaatar annually. Together with car exhaust emissions, we reach the above mentioned 317.8 kg toxic substance which is inhaled by young and old alike.

Full details of air pollution across Ulaanbaatar can be seen on the Real Time Air Quality Index at Air pollution is rated in Particulate Matter or PM's. The rating PM 2.5 refers to tiny particles of solid or liquid matter in the atmosphere which are smaller than 2.5 microns. "PM10" is 4-7 times higher than that permitted by the Mongolian Air Quality Standards. The "Harmful dust" can cause severe respiratory illnesses and accounts disturbing infant mortality figures.

This winter is proving to be the most severe in Mongolia for a decade.

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Mongolia cabinet approves 5 billion for curbing air pollution in 2017

January 3 ( The Mongolian Government has approved MNT5 billion for the fighting air pollution in 2017, of which a total of MNT3.5 billion will be for the zero electricity night-time tariff. The night-time electricity tariff, specifically between 9 pm and 6 am, has been zeroed for households in the so-called "ger (or yurt) districts" starting from January 1st 2017. This adjustment measure, aimed to reduce air pollution, will last until 1st April.

The Energy Regulatory Committee has estimated that the 146 thousand households in the Ulaanbaatar ger districts consume an average 200-250 kwt/ hour electricity. Coal burning by the households of the ger districts, mostly located on the north side of the city, contributes to the severity of air pollution in wintertime and accounts for 70-80 percent of all harmful emissions in the city.

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Ulaanbaatar traffic jams cost 50 billion in wasted fuel

January 3 ( The Mongolian capital, Ulaanbaatar, currently faces many problems such as air pollution and traffic congestion. According to recent research, the city's traffic jams account for MNT 50 billion worth of wasted fuel annually. There are a total of 466 thousand cars on the roads of the city today. It is estimated that every driver wastes MNT 1380 while stuck in a traffic jam.

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UB City Names 2017 as Year of Participatory Legal Renovation

Ulaanbaatar, January 3 (MONTSAME) With issuance of a direction on January 2, Mayor of Ulaanbaatar S.Batbold announced 2017 as a "Year of Participatory Legal Renovation".

The year has been crowned with such theme, in order to implement the 2016-2020 action plan of the Governor of the Capital City and the general guidelines of economic and social development of the capital city in 2017, determine the legal status of Ulaanbaatar, strengthen effective, accessible and accountable municipal governance, improve the quality of and access of the public services provided by the city administration, and to increase citizens' involvement in decision-making.

A working group has been set up in charge of developing the plan of actions in the scope of the the Year of Legal Renovation with increased citizen participation in accordance with the Mayor's direction. The working group has been tasked to reflect opinions of citizens as well as public and private sectors to the plan.

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Mongolians Hope for His Holiness the Dalai Lama's Visit

BODH GAYA, January 3 (Central Tibetan Administration): Odkhuu Batjargal, a pilgrim from Mongolia told in an interview today that the Mongolian people pray and hope for His Holiness the Dalai Lama to visit Mongolia again in the future and that in case that doesn't happen, it would cause huge distress and worry among the people.

Mr Batjargal is one among the thousands of Mongolian devotees who had come to Bodh Gaya to receive the Kalachakra teachings from His Holiness. "I feel extremely happy and fortunate to be able to receive the Kalachakra teachings from His Holiness the Dalai Lama. I had the opportunity to attend his teachings and talk in Mongolia in November last year," he said.

When asked about the Mongolian government's recent decision to ban the Dalai Lama's visit, subduing to China's political intimidation, he said, "It is a political situation and politics, by nature, is bound to change. We are hopeful that the situation will change in time and the people of Mongolia will be able to receive his blessings."

"Our faith and devotion for His Holiness remains indomitable and pure." he said firmly.

The Tibetan spiritual leader has a huge following in Mongolia. During his last visit, thousands of his followers braved the coldest winter in a decade and travelled hundreds of miles to have a glimpse of His Holiness the Dalai Lama.

The visit triggered strong protest from China. In response to the allowed visit, China delayed talks of a huge loan and imposed new fees on a key border point between the two countries. China has long been campaigning for diplomatic boycott of the 81 year old Noble Laureate, although His Holiness has consistently stated that he is not seeking independence but genuine autonomy that assures basic freedom for the Tibetan people.

The Mongolian Foreign Minister Tsend Munkh-Orgil, in an interview, pledged to allow no more visits of the Buddhist leader to Mongolia, even for religious purpose.

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UC Berkeley lecturer Ts.Uranchimeg appointed Cultural Envoy of Mongolia

Ulaanbaatar, January 3 (MONTSAME) B.Battsetseg, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs handed over a certificate of Cultural Envoy of Mongolia to Dr. Ts.Uranchimeg, art critic and lecturer at the University of California, Berkeley.

As a Cultural Envoy of Mongolia, Ts.Urantsetseg will be responsible for enhancing Mongolia's image abroad and developing Mongol studies as well as cooperating with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mongolia in order to boost cultural cooperation with other countries.

Ts.Uranchimeg, who had studied at the Mongolian Fine Art Institute and the Mongolian State University of Arts and Culture in 1995-2002, earned a doctorate degree from the UC Berkeley in 2009, where she has been teaching since then.

She has played an important role in the revival of the activities of the Center of Mongolian Studies of the CSU for her active participation in the development of Mongol studies and an establishment of "Mongolia Initiative" program at the Institute of East Asian Studies at UC Berkeley. Since 2002, she has been actively organizing a number of events in favor of the development of the Mongol studies, such as art and cultural exhibitions.

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Study on Mongolia's foreign policy decision-making concluded

January 3 (The Mongol Messenger) By an order of the Center for Policy Research of School of International Relations and Public Administration (SIRPA), National University of Mongolia (NUM), the research team led by State Merit Lawyer, Ambassador, Dr. J.Enkhsaikhan has successfully implemented a research project titled 'Upgrading the foreign policy decision-making mechanism of Mongolia'.

An outcome of the collective efforts of Ambassador L.Udval, researcher G.Amartuvshin, senior faculty G.Baasankhuu and associate researcher U.Munkh-Orgil since September 1, the new study concluded on December 15. The result of the study will be published as a booklet which the researchers hope will become an important research source written on the topic concerning the attributes of Mongolia's foreign policy decision making mechanism and its improvisation.

The research project primarily aimed at accurately identifying real challenges observed in the mechanism and decision-making process of the foreign policy of Mongolia, seeking chances to rectify clauses that aren't in compliance with national interest, attempting to determine ways to improvise the current mechanism, and conveying recommendations to the corresponding, decision-making bodies on how to improvise Mongolia's mechanism for foreign policy decision-making. In order to evaluate the current scenario, the research studied relevant legislature documents and acts constituting the legal environment surrounding the foreign policy decision making mechanism in Mongolia.

Using creative and productive methods such as taking individual interviews from former higher officials who were part of foreign policy decision making, organizing periodical discussions engaging relevant specialists from public organizations and holding joint meetings with specialized experts working in Mongolian legal sector, the research intended to identify real challenges and obstacles in the existing foreign policy decision making mechanism, and make an objective evaluation.

In addition to interviews with former Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Mongolia Ts.Gombosuren, L.Erdenechuluun and S.Oyun, discussions and meetings that took place in frames of the project include national-level forum on legal environment surrounding decision making mechanism in foreign policy which took place on October 15, extended forum under the theme 'Improving responsibility in foreign policy decision making mechanism' which took place on November 2, and 'Upgrading foreign policy decision making mechanism' forum which was held on November 17 in cooperation with the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Security and Foreign Policy.

The research team has accomplished certain tasks including summarizing the synopses came out of the evaluation on the legislature dealing with the foreign policy decision making mechanism and recommendations made by the forums, emphasizing on the issues of main focus, and coming up with a recommendation directed at upgrading accountability in decision making process and taking measures  to prevent  possible neglect of duty.

The project team has also taken several steps to introduce the outcome of their work such as publishing a simplified article titled 'Upgrading the foreign policy decision making mechanism of Mongolia' in the first edition of 'Policy Update' magazine published by the Center for Policy Research and delivering a presentation under the same title at the international academic conference themed 'International Relations: Training and Research and Mongolia' which was held on December 1 in connection with the 25th anniversary of the School of International Relations and Public Administration of NUM.  Moreover, an open lecture under the theme 'Current state of Mongolia's foreign policy decision making mechanism, need for upgrading and importance of research' was delivered to the students of SIRPA with followed dialogue on December 12.

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Health & Education

121 New Year babies welcomed

Ulaanbaatar, January 3 (MONTSAME) "121 infants were born nationwide during the moments into the New Year", reported the Ministry of Health.

During the national holidays for New Year which were from December 29 to January 1, the Ministry of Health assigned a personnel on duty to ensure constant updates from 21 provinces and secure methodological aid when necessary.

In the given time span, the Ministry of Health received a total of 22,694 emergency calls, 1,355 of which were about accidents, 374 calls associated with birth and 207 calls related to intoxication from food and alcohol.

Moreover on the national level, hospitals and corresponding health services of local administrative units and the capital city rendered emergency assistance to 19,339 patients.

During the holidays, 867 women delivered in 21 provinces and the capital city, and 6 of them gave birth at home.

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First woman Golden Donor donated blood 154 times in 20 years

Ulaanbaatar, January 3 (MONTSAME) Today, the National Blood Center in collaboration with the JCI Capital organized a ceremony to award the most active blood donors and celebrated the very first Blood Gifting Day. From now on, the Blood Gifting Day will be observed every year on January 3.

Only one percent of the total population of Mongolia has donated blood. The National Blood Center has been awarding titles "Bronze Donor" to donors who donated more than 70 times, "Silver Donor" to those who donated more than a hundred times and "Golden Donor" to those who donated 150 or more times.

The people, who donated blood for 10-20 times also received Pride-10 and Pride-20 awards.

Ms. Erdenechuluun Davaa became today the first female winner of the Golden Donor title, having gifted blood and blood plasma 154 times since 1996.

What's more, the number of people donating blood has increased from 15 thousand in 2012 to 25 thousand in 2016, according to the speech of N.Erdenebayar, director of the National Blood Center.

"With the commissioning of a new building and equipment, the blood stock level has been elevated by 3-5 times in 2016. We now have full capacity to achieve a sufficient level of blood stock. In spite of all scientific achievements, it is still impossible to generate blood artificially, therefore, enhancing the vital importance of blood donors", he noted.

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Culture & Society

Mongolia to celebrate lunar new year on February 27

January 3 ( Mongolians will celebrate the lunar new year, known as the 'White Moon' (Tsagaan Sar) on 27th of February. According to a statement by the Gandantegchelin Monastery, Mongolia's main Buddhist centre, the 27th of February is first day of spring under the lunar calendar.

Most years the Mongolian, or more correctly Tibetan 'White Moon' festival coincides with Chinese New Year, which this year takes place on 27th of January. There have been disputes about the date of the 'White Moon' festival. This has now been formally resolved.

The 'White Moon' is one of the Mongolia's two main national festivals and is a family-oriented event in which people, often in full national dress, visit relatives and friends. Normally, for several days before, the women of the household make hundreds of buuz, which are traditional steamed dumplings. These are eaten with lamb, dairy products and, often copious amounts of vodka. The festival is also celebrated in Russia among the Buryats, living north of Mongolia and the Kalmyks, who migrated to European Russia in the seventeenth century.

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Choijin Lama Temple Museum publishes book about its history

Ulaanbaatar, January 3 (MONTSAME) On the occasion of the 105th anniversary of Mongolia's restoration of national independence and freedom and the 145th birthday of Choijin Lama Luvsankhaidav, State Oracle Lama, the Choijin Lama Temple has published a research writings named "Collection of Documents (1900-2016)" and 'Mongolian State Oracle Lama Choijin Luvsankhaidav and his spouses Surenkhorloo'.

The Choijin Lama Temple released the publications with an aim to introduce the results and outcomes of historical research works to the general public. The 'Collection of documents (1900-2016) contains over 300 archival documents connected to the history of the Choijin Lama Temple Museum, which have been kept at the Mongolian National Central Archives, Cabinet Secretariat, the Archive of Ulaanbaatar City. Some of the document pieces were gathered from personal collections of political parties, public organizations, museums and of private collections.

The Choijin Lama Temple is a Buddhist monastery in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia. The complex consists of four temples originally occupied by the brother of the Bogd Khan of Mongolia, Choijin Lama Luvsankhaidav, who was the state oracle at the time. The construction of the complex was completed in 1908, in honor of the Lama Lubsanhaidav. The complex was converted into a museum in 1938.

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Charlotte Talks: Genghis Khan Exhibit Creator 'Dino Don' Lessem

Wednesday, January 4 2017

January 3 (WFAE 90.7) What turns a world renowned dinosaur expert into a curator for an exhibit on Mongol warrior, Genghis Khan? "Dino Don" joins Mike Collins for the answer on the next Charlotte Talks.

Don Lessem, also known around the world as "Dino Don," has created the exhibit "Genghis Khan: Bring the Legend to Life," which is now on display at Discovery Place in Charlotte.

Lessem's work has primarily been as a dinosaur expert, traveling around the world to find and excavate dinosaur remains, writing dinosaur books for children, appearing on media worldwide and even consulting on the original Jurassic Park movie.

But on a trip to Mongolia to look for dinosaurs, Don Lessem became fascinated with Khan, as he saw the impact the Mongolian warrior, who died over 700 years ago, still had in Mongolia.

We'll meet Don Lessem to talk about what he learned about Genghis Khan and the Mongolian culture under his leadership, and hear about Lessem's work in the dinosaur world as well-- including the dinosaur that was named after him!


Don Lessem, also known as "Dino Don", and the creator/ curator of "Genghis Khan: Bring the Legend to Life" exhibit, now on display at Discovery Place. 

Related links:

Interview with Don Lessem about the Genghis Khan Exhibit in Charlotte Magazine

NPR's "My Big Break" feature on Don Lessem

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Nature & Environment

National census finds Mongolian forests vulnerable and old-aged

January 2 (Mongol Messenger) The coniferous and deciduous forest cover of Mongolia is 9.1 million ha, revealed the most recent national forest inventory report. With inclusion of saxaul forest, the total forest area of Mongolia is 12.8 million ha. The first ever forest inventory was conducted in Mongolia in 1956.

60 years after the first forest census, a new national forest inventory based on an internationally-approved method has been conducted in Mongolia to measure the area of the country's forest cover and carbon amounting to them. At a ceremonial event held at Shangri-La hotel on December 13, the inventory report was handed over to the Government of Mongolia.

Different than the previous inventory in terms of objective, scope and method and more multi-participatory, the latest inventory was conducted by the Department of Forest Policy Management at the Ministry of Environment and Tourism and Forestry Development Center with the support of the Government of Germany, 'Biodiversity and adaptation of key forest ecosystems to climate change II' project of GIZ the German Society for International Cooperation and REDD + National Forest Inventory in Mongolia project.

"As a partner country of the United Nations collaborative initiative on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) and having undertaken the REDD+ project, Mongolia is responsible to calculate its absorption and emission of carbon dioxide using an internationally-approved method and report it. In frames of the duty, a national forest inventory has been completed", said D.Oyunkhorol, Minister of Environment and Tourism at the ceremony.

She also highlighted in her speech, "By determining Mongolia's basic indicators in emission and forest absorption of carbon dioxide, and reporting it to the Intergovernmental Committee for UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, opportunities to get financial support from international projects on reduction of forest deterioration and increase of carbon dioxide absorption, and participate in carbon trade are opening to Mongolia. Moreover, this national census data is critically important in realizing the objectives reflected in 'State policy on forest' which encompasses a main aim to create a sustainable management directed at maintaining balance in Mongolian forest ecosystem, ceasing forest degradation, regenerating forest and sustaining forest use".

Findings and conclusion of the inventory

Main conclusions of the national forest inventory are that the forest of Mongolia is less-utilized; the forest of Mongolia is old-aged; the forest resources of Mongolia is low with density level being 0.54 percent in 46 percent of the total forest; the forest of Mongolia is vulnerable; and the regeneration capacity of the forest of Mongolia is sufficient.

Growing stock: The total forest area of Mongolia is 9.1 million ha. The total growing stock is 113.9 cubic meters/ha, and 91.9 cubic meters/ha or 80.7 percent is made of larch, 7.6 cubic meters/ha or 6.7 percent is cedar, 7.3 cubic meters/ha or 6.4 percent is birch and 5.6 cubic meters/ha or 4.9 percent is pine. The rest 2 percent is made of other species of trees. As for aging, 73.7 cubic meters/ha of the growing stock belong to age class 50-200 years, 24.3 cubic meters/ha to above 200 years and 15.8 cubic meters/ha to below 50 years.

Number: The forests of Mongolia contain about 5 billion trees. Seeing as there are 401 growing larches in 1 ha, the larches dominate the forest cover of the country.

Forest diversity: Larch forest constitutes 5.7 million ha area or 62.4 percent of the total forest of Mongolia. And 9.9 percent of the total forest area is mixed coniferous forest, 9.7 percent is mixed forest and 5.9 percent is birch forest. 3.1 percent of the total forest area is taiga which is filled with shade tolerant tree species like cedar, spruce and fir.

Natural regeneration: In 1 ha area of the total forest of Mongolia, 3025 saplings are growing, and 1639 of them are larches. But it was found that birch saplings dominated in the regenerating forest in Khentii region. In 1 ha area of the forest in the region, 1386 birch saplings are growing.

Deadwood resources: Deadwood resource in the total forest of Mongolia is 46.5 cubic meters/ha which is made of 18.7 cubic meters/ha snag, 25.8 cubic meters/ha fallen dead trees and 2 cubic meters/ha stumps.

External effect: In recent years, 18.6 percent of the total forest area was damaged by wildfire and 1 cubic meters/ha was damaged by insects. It was calculated that 9 million cubic meters wood stock was damaged by insects. Also, the effect of domestic animal pastry to forest was comparatively less. On average, some 8.5 percent of the total forest area was mildly affected by domestic animals while 1.3 percent was highly affected. Soil damage was observed in only 0.1 percent of the total forest area.

Before 1990, forestry industry had been the main source of income, comprising about 30 percent of the country's total revenue. However, it was left without adequate government attention after the 1990s resulting in the forest cover thin out year by year. Therefore, effective management and farsighted strategy and policy is indispensable for the forestry industry.

M.Tungalag, Head of Department of Forest Policy Management at the Mongolian Ministry of Environment and Tourism said, "The current state of forestry in Mongolia is the outcome of a long-standing policy to only protect forest". "30 percent of total forest resources in Mongolia is made of deadwood as a result of the policy. In addition to increased use of forest resources, it's imperative to pay special attention to regeneration of forest".

"As it is necessary to make the forest of Mongolia more adaptive to climate change and grow reproductively, we need to improve the legal frameworks in order to ensure the implementation of a 'sustainable forest management', and utilize the functions of forestry industry", she said. "Sustainable forest management is a highly responsible task, and it's the primary objective of the Mongolian forestry industry to systematically execute tasks such as framing action plans for the management, improving the planning methods, monitoring the progress and introducing an accredited forest certification", D.Tungalag stated.

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Mongolian stallion featured among Telegraph's Animal Photos of 2016

Ulaanbaatar, January 3 (MONTSAME) British national 'The Daily Telegraph' named Mongolian photographer's work as one of the Best animal photos of the year 2016.

Alongside 26 other photographs including of rare moments of animals such as polar bear, panda cubs, giraffe and kangaroos, photograph of a Mongolian stallion captured by Batzaya Choijiljav has been included in the list. "Ellie Gelding: A horse has been spotted sporting a stunning blonde mane that looks like it could be a wig", the Daily Telegraph captioned the photograph.

The said photograph of the Mongolian 'blonde' stallion was previously chosen as the Daily Telegraph's Photo of the Day stimulating a public discussion in which people considered the horse to have a certain level of resemblance with British pop singer Ellie Goulding which explains the nickname given to the Mongolian tawny stallion.

"The Daily Telegraph has highlighted my photograph of a tawny stallion which I clicked in Khentii province. I have seen others' photographs being posted, but never imagined that my work would be there too. It feels great", the photographer had posted on social media following the Photo of the Day choice. Professional in tourism, Batzaya is an Executive Director of a Mongolian tour operator 'Ayan Travel' LLC. "Photography is my hobby", he said in an interview to Mongolian media.

The famous tawny stallion is owned by Mongolian herder O.Tumurbaatar who lives in Batnorov Soum of Khentii province.

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National record set in women's 48kg weightlifting

Ulaanbaatar, January 3 (MONTSAME) A high school student and athlete of 'Avragch' sports club B.Tungalag set a national record in the youth and adult's powerlifting at the ongoing 2017 National Weightlifting Championship. She set the new mark for the 'Clean and Jerk' in the Women's 48 kg category, lifting 90 kg and won gold medal.

Last December, she also set a national record during a competition named after Sh.Enkhsaikhan, with her 70 kg lifting in the Snatch and 85 kg in the Clean and Jerk, totaling 155 kg weight.

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East Brainerd Native To Participate In Mongolia Charity Rally

January 3 (The Chattanoogan) Tony Chirumbole, an East Brainerd area native and currently a senior at Georgia Tech, is on a team with four of his friends from Georgia Tech, and is participating in the Mongolia Charity Rally.

The rally starts in Brussels, Belgium and ends over 10,000 miles away in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.  The rally will take participants to over 20 countries across two continents and will take over a month to complete.  

Mr. Chirumbole needs to raise $1,200 for Go Help!, a UK based charity which raises money for educational programs and healthcare outreach in Mongolia.  

Mr. Chirumble and his teammates will also be purchasing a service vehicle to use on the trip, which will be donated to Mongolia upon arrival and used as an ambulance in rural parts of the country.  

For more information on Mr. Chirumble and the race, visit his Facebook Page at: and his YouCaring donations page at: 

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Fly Fishing: The Mongolian Pathway to Healthy Rivers

January 3 (Patagonia) There is an old Mongolian legend about a hard, long winter that trapped a massive, living taimen in the ice. Starving villagers survived the winter only by eating chunks of flesh hacked from the taimen's back. In the spring, the ice melted, and the great taimen climbed up out of the river and ate the villagers.

There's a spark of truth in all myth, and the truth is that human beings have been hacking away at taimen populations for many generations. The winters are long, cold, and hard. Adult taimen instinctively move to deep, slow overwintering holes where they can find protection from anchor ice and ice floes, and these spots are known to "sport" anglers who use bait and treble hooks with the goal of posing with giant dead taimen, or poachers who view these majestic salmonids merely as food.

To stop the slaughter of giant taimen, and equally important, to stem the loss of pristine taimen habitat, more Mongolians need to see the greater value of a reusable resource, and that's the end game of all taimen conservation in Mongolia. While the Taimen Fund has helped implement successful legislation to legally require catch-and-release of taimen nationwide, and to protect some watersheds from development, long-term success can come only from grassroots support and involvement where the locals have a vested interest in protecting taimen. The best way to do that is to teach more Mongolians how to fly fish, or at least show them how fly fishing can support and sustain their communities, their rivers, their health, and their culture.

"I would love to one day walk down to my favorite taimen pool on my favorite river, and see that there's already three Mongolian guys there casting their Spey rods," says Charlie Conn of the Taimen Fund. "There'd be no room there for me to fish, but that's fine. I would love that. It's their river, and these are their fish to protect."

The Taimen Fund is an alliance of government agencies, local communities, and private businesses working together to educate the public about sustainable catch-and-release fishing, legislate protection for taimen and their rivers, and further scientific research. On a national and international level, they work to protect the species, preserve habitat, and eliminate poaching.

But much of the boots-on-the-ground work in specific watersheds couldn't be done without partnering with fly-fishing outfitting businesses on Mongolia's best taimen rivers. If you are going to build national interest in protecting taimen, you have to build from the strongholds where they still exist, and you have to show how healthy taimen rivers can improve the economy and the community. Some of the best conservation work going on in Mongolia doesn't come from NGOs, but from the outfitting businesses who have skin in the game.

Dan Vermillion of Sweetwater Travel realized this truth when he began outfitting fly fishers on the Eg-Uur watershed near the outflow of Lake Khovsgal more than 20 years ago. Mongolian guides like Ganzorig Batsaihan, Bayaraa Saikhan and Enebish Ganpurev have worked for Sweetwater since the year 2000. The other guides, camp staff, cooks and handymen, and the food and livestock purchases Sweetwater Travel makes in the region have a huge economic impact in an area where herding is the only other form of employment.

But Sweetwater Travel does more than just support the economy. In 2006, Sweetwater Travel, with help from visiting fly fishers, the World Bank and the Taimen Fund (formerly The Tributary Fund), restored the Buddhist Dayan Derkh Monastery, which was destroyed during Josef Stalin's attempt to purge religion from all Soviet states.

"That reconstruction was a central component of the watershed conservation project and marked the return of Buddhism to the Eg-Uur Valley," Vermillion told me. "Herders and their families from all over the valley tearfully thanked us for supporting their faith and their heritage."

In addition to the indirect economic contributions each fly fisher makes through an outfitted visit to Mongolia, Vermillion says his guests, and many others, have donated an additional $400,000 toward taimen conservation in the region. "We feel very blessed to have spent so many wonderful days in the Eg-Uur Valley, and we feel a profound obligation to protect these taimen and the river they call home."

Mark Johnstad of Fish Mongolia also points to conservation as the primary reason he started outfitting fly-fishing trips in Mongolia.

"The whole premise is to do everything possible to generate and maximize locally based conservation incentives, whether it's permits, jobs, purchase of goods and services, support for research, helping to clean up the local landfill, doing conservation education in the schools, or providing better access to health and education," said Johnstad. "We do whatever we can do to help local communities realize the benefits of having 50-year-old taimen swimming in the river."

My 100-mile trip on the Delgermörön with Fish Mongolia was booked through The Fly Shop in Redding, California, and one of the early participants to sign up for the adventure was pediatric cardiologist Grace Smith. She has previously volunteered for medical missions to Haiti, and her idea was that she could help the Mongolia community in more ways than by just paying for the trip. So she suggested to The Fly Shop that she'd be willing take a day off from fishing to conduct wellness exams on local children.

When her idea filtered back to Johnstad, the concept instantly snowballed. With a grant from Patagonia's World Trout Initiative, a matching grant of $7,500 from The Taimen Fund, and funding from BioRegions International, Johnstad also arranged for medical doctor Erich Pessl and dentist Jeff Johnson to join us for the second half of our float. His goal was a free wellness clinic for local children that would be the foundation of a "Healthy Taimen Festival" on the banks of the Delgermörön, just 13 kilometers from the village of Bayanzurk.

The festival happened on a hot bluebird afternoon on August 31, the day before school started in Mongolia. The lure of a free exam and consultation with an American doctor and/or dentist emptied the village, and more than 300 people came to the river in 4×4 vans, old Russian flatbed trucks, sparkling new Chinese dirt bikes and on horseback.

The doctors and dentist had long lines outside their tents until early in the evening. The final tally was 150 to 160 visits with school-age children, resulting mostly in practical advice from the doctor, some dental hygiene work, fluoride treatments and dispensing a lot of ibuprofen and vitamin supplements.

The children and their families waiting in line were entertained by a loudspeaker game of "taimen biology trivia" with Mongolian river guides, fly-tying demonstrations, rafting and tenkara casting and fishing lessons along the river. Patagonia donated three rods to the event, and some of the schoolchildren waited for more than an hour for their turn to use a rod under the watchful eye of a Fish Mongolia guide.

"Our Mongolian guides are like superheroes to these kids," said Johnstad after the event. "Who wouldn't want to float down a river in a raft all summer and get paid for it?"

The guides have a huge influence on their family networks, and Johnstad strategically hires young guides from families with a history of taimen harvest. Our 24-year-old guide Battulga Tumenjargal (who gave casting lessons at the festival) grew up eating taimen his father pulled from the river. Now, his father is a catch-and-release fly fisher and head of the local Fishing Conservation Club, and the entire outlook of the familial network is changing from the ground up.

Like Tulga's father, every Mongolian at the festival experienced firsthand how healthy taimen rivers can provide a sustainable economy, and improve the health and welfare of the community.

But more important, hundreds of Mongolian children learned that taimen have more than economic value—they have intrinsic value.

"Every kid who enjoyed casting a fly rod or tying flies or rafting the river is now a champion for taimen in their community," said Johnstad "They'll grow up wanting taimen in the river, and that's meaningful progress that will impact future generations."

For more from Mongolia, pick up the February-March 2017 issue of Fly Fisherman magazine and read "The One Path: Finding giant Mongolia taimen and a state of enlightenment." It's the story of Ross' 120-mile journey down the Delger River, and how Vajrayana Buddhism and Mongolia's shamanistic folk religions shaped his views of nature and wild rivers. Print and digital subscriptions are available.

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Art & Entertainment

E.Amartuvshin to play Rigoletto at Naples' Teatro San Carlo

Ulaanbaatar, January 3 (MONTSAME) E.Amartuvshin, State Honored Artist of Mongolia and soloist of the Theatre of Mongolian State Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet will work at the Teatro San Carlo in Naples, for over a month.

He will play the role of Rigoletto in the three-acts Rigoletto opera composed by Giuseppe Verdi. Afterwards, E.Amartuvshin will sing at a concert version of the 'Troubadour' opera by G.Verdi at the Concert Hall of the Moscow Conservatory named after P.I.Chaikovsky next April.

In May, he is planning to sing at the Giuseppe Verdi Municipal Theatre in Salerno, Italy and a new opera theatre in Israel.

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UB Art Gallery welcomes 2017 with the best of 2016

January 3 (UB Post) From December 22 to January 5, UB Art Gallery will be displaying exemplary artwork that has been on view in domestic and international exhibitions in 2016.

Director of UB Art Gallery and producer Kh.Damdinsuren pointed out that the gallery will work to present special exhibitions to the public next year. He noted that educating the public, especially the youth, is important to developing urban culture.

He added that artwork by artists collaborating with the gallery will be on view at summer festivals throughout next year and that the gallery will be sharing the work Mongolian artists with tourists.

Kh.Damdinsuren emphasized that a coffee shop will open at the gallery in the near future, and the coffee shop will be designed to be a place where people can enjoy their time meeting with friends or making new ones.

The gallery is working to create a comic book, games, and artwork featuring the Khangarid, the winged symbol of Ulaanbaatar, to introduce children to the meaning of Ulaanbaatar's emblem and its history.

The gallery is inviting the public to come to an anti-stress workshop on December 29, at 4:30 p.m., to feel happiness before the upcoming new year.

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10 Directors to Watch: Otto Bell Braves Mongolian Extremes to Make 'The Eagle Huntress'

Bell's background in advertising prepared him for a leap into unknown with 'The Eagle Huntress'

January 3 (Variety) Bell's year just keeps getting better. His debut film, "The Eagle Huntress," was selected by Sundance, traveled the world, and was recently named to the Oscar documentary feature shortlist. Set against the spectacular backdrop of Mongolia's Altai Mountains, the Sony Pictures Classics release tells the inspiring story of 13-year-old Aisholpan, who challenges an ancient, male-dominated tradition by training, competing, and hunting with an eagle. This entertaining, real-life adventure tale sold to most major territories and is being remade as an animated feature at 20th Century Fox; Bell will serve as a producer.

The English director was born into a Northumberland farming family and grew up loving the outdoors. But, he says, "Sunday afternoons were always given over to films, mostly Westerns and the classics. I ate them all up." He earned a scholarship to Oxford, where he studied English literature, which, he notes, "helped cement my lifelong love of storytelling and narrative structure."

After university, Bell wound up as an advertising creative director. He says, "I eventually landed at Ogilvy in New York where I helped set up their entertainment division. It's there that I started producing and directing short documentary-style films for blue-chip brands like IBM and Philips. I'm very grateful for that decade in advertising, it made me a more precise director and taught me how to squeeze high production standards out of limited budgets."

The extreme physical and logistical challenges of capturing Aisholpan's story didn't faze this tough northerner. "I've always gone wherever the story is: Vietnam, Uganda, Siberia, Patagonia, wherever. I relish a stellar backdrop and sympathizing with a real place and actual people."

What's next for the intrepid Bell? "Well, I'm really proud of Courageous, the filmmaking team I've built at CNN, but I'm keen to direct a narrative feature next. To that end, I've started looking at scripts. That would be a happy culmination of all my experience structuring storylines."

Age: 35

Influences: Ridley and Tony Scott. "They're from the same part of England as me and have always been my hometown heroes."

Reps: N/A

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Beauty contests spread as Russia, China, Mongolia hold 'Snow Queen' 2016 contest in China

The 13th edition of the beauty contest was held in China by 3 nations, and the winner was a girl from Mongolia: Na Misherte.

January 3 (Blasting News) The world of beauty contests is expanding, and regional tie-ups are taking place. Three countries that form the heartland of Asia, namely Mongolia, China, and Siberian Russia have been holding the "Snow Queen" beauty contest. The 3 nations are intertwined by history and this was the 13th edition of the show, which was held in China. The show is part of a regional identity makeup and also shows the world the cohesiveness of the 3 nations. The beauty contest gives a great chance to Mongolia, which is landlocked to show the talent of its girls and women. The 2016 contest was held in China and the winner was Na Misherte from Mongolia and the Russian girl, Victoria Borisova took the second position, with Chinese girl Liu Shu Han taking the second runner-up prize. The contest was held last year from December 5-25.

Beauty contest

The show had all the trappings of glamor and participants had to appear in their national dress, as well as a bikini contest. Many of the Russian girls wore their Kokoshnik -- the traditional headdress. It was a great opportunity for Mongolia, and their contestants took part -- with 14 Mongolian women participating in the contest, The Russians were in great force but the top prize went to a contestant from Mongolia.

Mongolia is one of the most isolated countries in the world as it is sandwiched between Russia and China. The Buddhist nation, however, charts an independent course and recently it defied China by hosting the Dalai Lama. The Chinese enforced an economic blockade which was countered by India's Modi with a one billion dollar credit for purchases. Buddhism is the common link between India and Mongolia.

Opening for Mongolia

During the final bikini contest, 15 Russian contestants took part. The contest was launched in 2003 and is an annual event. This contest is a great opportunity for these women to showcase their beauty in contests like these. Either way, it certainly provides a differing perspective to what most Western viewers are used to when they think of beauty contests.

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State Commission Inspecting New Ulaanbaatar International Airport

January 3 (Mongolian Economy) The construction of the new international airport at Khushigt Valley began in June 2013 with funding from Japan's JICA. Japanese companies Azusa Sekkei and Oriental Consultants worked as advisors, with professional engineers monitoring the construction process. Samsung C&T worked as the subcontractor. The construction project, which lasted for three years, is now completed and will be given to the state commission today.

The state commission will also undertake works until the 10th of this month starting from today. It is not possible to immediately use the new international airport upon receiving, as the cargo terminal, airport administration and maintenance buildings must be constructed through the funding of the Mongolian side. The construction of these three buildings will be completed and commissioned next year.

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State Commission launches inspection at new airportMontsame, January 3

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